Social Capital in India: Networks, Organizations, and Confidence

Published By: India Human Development Survey (IHDS) | Published Date: August, 01 , 2006

Using original data from a newly collected nationally representative survey for 40,000 households in India, we examine associations of various dimensions of social capital with each other and with contextual and individual determinants. We focus on three measures of social capital: a positional generator of social networks, a count of memberships in formal organizations, and a subjective index of confidence in institutions. All three scales show good internal reliabilities. Associations among the three are quite low however suggesting that, in India at least, there seems to be little generalization from one type of social capital to another. Further analysis reveals that all three scales reveal strong geographic patterning across India, but only the social networks measure also shows strong relationships with social position within communities. Network contacts are more extensive for high caste, wealthy, and well-educated households. Similar household status associations are much weaker for confidence in institutions and for membership in organizations.

Author(s): Reeve Vanneman, James Noon, Sonalde Desai | Posted on: Feb 13, 2016 | Views() | Download (193)

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