What do Self-Reports of Wellbeing Say about Life-Cycle Theory and Policy?

Published By: National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) | Published Date: March, 05 , 2018

The paper examines a measure of self-reported evaluative wellbeing, the Cantril Ladder, and use data from Gallup to examine wellbeing over the life-cycle. It assesses the validity of the measure, and show that it is hard to reconcile with familiar theories of intertemporal choice. It also finds a worldwide optimism about the future; in spite of repeated evidence to the contrary, people consistently but irrationally predict they will be better off five years from now. The gap between future and current wellbeing diminishes with age, and in rich countries, is negative among the elderly. The paper also uses the measure to think about income transfers by age and sex. Policies that give priority those with low incomes favor the young and the old, while utilitarian policies favor the middle aged, and men over women.

Author(s): Angus Deaton | Posted on: Mar 07, 2018 | Views() | Download (312)

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