December  2006

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Poverty, Growth and Inequality

Making and Unmaking Poverty: Social Science, Social Programmes, and Poverty Reduction in India and ElsewhereAnirudh Krishna, in this Inaugural Krishna Raj Memorial Lecture on Contemporary Issues in Health and Social Sciences delivered on December 8 in Mumbai discusses the results of some recent research that show that health is, indeed, closely related to the accretion and persistence of poverty. What will underwrite effectiveness and ensure responsiveness in healthcare, education and information provision? [eSS Conference Paper]

An Examination of the Relationship between Health and Economic Growth by Garima Malik attempts to examine the relationship between health and economic growth. A theoretical framework has been developed to model this linkage between health and growth which is further tested using a regression model. [ICRIER Working Paper]

Three Conundrums in Measuring Poverty with a Changing Population by

Ravi Kanbur considers income distribution at two points in time where the population has also changed in some way, constructing three scenarios--population growth, population decline, and a constant population size-- to illustrate why standard measures of poverty, built on the intuitions of unchanging population, lead to uncomfortable or dissonant conclusions.

Poverty in Remote Rural Areas in India: A Review of Evidence and Issues by Amita Shah provides fresh evidence on the correlates of poverty in terms of income as well as human capabilities, and also on the interface between the two. [GIDR WP]

In Revisiting Primary Health Care in the 21st Century Anant Phadke revisits the issue of primary health care in the 21st century, examining the concept in its historical context and discussing the progressive health movement’s understanding of primary health care and its access. [eSS Working Paper]


Deena Khatkhate’s The Age of Milton Friedman reminds us that Friedman’s place in the world of economics is well assured not only because of his concepts and theorems but also due to his demonstration that free market can be an instrument of social justice too.[eSS commentary]

India: International Economic Relations

Vera Anstey Memorial Lecture 2006 to be delivered by Mukul Asher at the Indian Economic Association’s Annual Conference, India’s Rising Role in Asia suggests that India has been far more intricately integrated with the rest of Asia than has commonly been perceived or acknowledged. And this integration has been primarily market and private sector driven.[eSS Working Paper]

Textile and Clothing Trade with European Union: Impact of year-old EU Generalised System of Preferences by C Satapathy. A year after the European Union introduced the new Generalised System of Preferences, what has been the impact on trade especially in  south Asia and China? An assessment on the basis of just released data on textile and related trade. [eSS Commentary ]

Nuclear Issues

Nuclearisation, Human Rights, and Ethics. Amulya K.N.Reddy’s 20th JP Memorial Lecture delivered in  2000 is relevant in the current context, pointing out that while nuclear weapons have security, economic and political implications, in the ultimate analysis, the issue of nuclear weapons is an ethical question. [PUCL]

Relevance of Gandhi

Liberty and Individualism in Gandhian Perspective: Implications for Sustainability of Societies.  Sudarshan Iyengar argues that today, when recent changes and developments have rendered dominant paradigms and philosophies useless for ensuring sustainable societies, the Gandhian Way may well hold a reasonable promise. [eSS Working Paper]

Mahatma Gandhi and the Prisoner’s Dilemma: Strategic Civil Disobedience and Great Britain’s Great Loss of Empire in India by Chowdhury Irad Ahmed  Siddiky examines the relationship between statutory monopoly and collective action as a multi-person assurance game culminating in an end to British Empire in India.

Media Studies

The Caricature Controversy: Global Media and the Manipulation of Civilizations by Yasemin  Inceoglu and Inci Cinarli discusses how global media manipulate the ‘clash of civilization’. To this end, editorial conduct in dealing with the crisis, maintaining neutrality and credibility in controversial issues and finally the role of the media in starting a real dialogue between cultures are analysed. [eSS Media Studies Series]

New Trends in Marathi Theatre: Relationship with Multicultural Indian Identity.  What are the problems that Marathi theatre specifically faces today and how are they dealing with this core political issue of the changing texture of the ‘multicultural Indian identity’? asks Makarand Sathe [eSS Working Paper]

In Mumbai's Forgotten Theatre People!  Ramu Ramanathan points to the discontent and anger beneath Mumbai Shining syndrome, and identifies a few interesting trends. [eSS Working Paper]

Edwardian Theatre and the Lost Shape of Asia: Some Remarks on Behalf of a Cinderella Subject by T.H.  Barrett. In the years following the Boxer Movement A small group was selected to study the examples of foreign governments to investigate the possibilities of constitutional government on behalf of the dynasty. However, cultural activities such as trips to the theatre were also incorporated into their programme, and it is one such visit upon which the paper focuses, in an effort to penetrate the ‘film of events’ and discover something of contemporary Chinese views of European culture. [ George Ernest Morrison Lecture on Ethnography]<

Knowledge Studies

Report on a Strategic Approach to Research Publishing in South Africa by Academy of Science of South Africa. The effect of globalisation on knowledge exchange, which is mediated very largely through scientific journals being published in English, and having their origins in Europe and North America, has resulted in the neglect of regional journals. The African Academies of Science set up to examine the problem suggested the publication of indigenous high-quality journals that report work of significance to African scientists.

State Level Reform and Role of Research.  Vidya Pitre’s research note published posthumously. The role of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in the current stage of reform is crucial as is the need for research and information collection at the state and national levels. So, why is state-level research given so little importance within the RBI? [eSS Commentary]

System of Rice Intensification in India: Innovation History and Institutional Challenges by C Shambu Prasad. This report documents the history of the systems of rice intensification (SRI, for short) in India and presents some institutional changes and challenges that SRI throws up.

China Papers

The Integration of Religious Minorities in China: The Case of Chinese Muslims by Donald Daniel  Leslie discusses the integration of religious minorities in China, in particular, of the Hui Muslims and explores the circumstances surrounding the final integration of Muslims during the Ming period, and the subsequent creation of "Chinese Muslims" or "Muslim Chinese". [George Ernest Morrison Lecture on Ethnography, 1998, The Contemporary China Centre]

Fiscal Decentralisation and Local Public Good Provision in China by Xin-Qiao  Ping and Jie Bai examines the impact of fiscal revenues under decentralisation on responsiveness of public goods provision to real local needs in China.

[Other Papers have also been posted under this special focus section.]

Industry and Policy

Telecommunications Reform and the Emerging ‘New-Economy’: The Case of India. T.T. Sreekumar discusses the challenges for the Indian economy in managing the newly emerged economic opportunities have been discussed. [FGKS Working Paper.]

China's Pharmaceutical Industry: Typologies and Characteristics by Hayan  Zhang  Are there geographical agglomerations in China’s pharmaceutical industry? What is the role of FDI in the cluster formation, development and upgrading of Chinese pharmaceutical industry? [FGKS Working Paper].

Emerging Megalopolis: Bangalore, From ‘Boiled Beans’ Town to Advanced IT City by G.S.Sastry. Historically, Bangalore’s growth and physical spread dictated in the past by the location decisions of certain important industrial activities, can no longer be so ad hoc and unplanned. [eSS Commentary]


Economic Causes of Tropical Deforestation - A Global Empirical Application by Silviu S. Scrieciu investigates the complex system of causes affecting tropical deforestation at a worldwide level. [DSA Conference Paper]

Plus Documents, new issues of journals, book reviews.

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