Sectoral amd Skill Contributions to Labor Productivity in Asia

Published By: Asian Development Bank Institute | Published Date: March, 07 , 2019

Using a decomposition approach on data collected by the Asian Productivity Organization (APO) as well as World Input-Output data, it shows that in most Asian economies the services sector makes the largest contribution to labor productivity. Furthermore, it finds evidence of a major reallocation of labor from agriculture directly to services, bypassing the manufacturing sector. This finding challenges the traditional view that countries in their economic development need to have their workforce employed first in manufacturing before switching to services. Lastly, the paper studies how different skill levels contribute to labor productivity growth. It finds that high-skilled workers have contributed most to overall labor productivity growth in developing Asia. In services, high-skilled workers have mainly driven labor productivity, indicating that upskilling and training are instrumental in services-led development.

Author(s): Matthias Helble, Long Q Trinh, Trang Le | Posted on: Mar 12, 2019 | Views() | Download (81)

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