Afghanistan’s Displaced People: 2014 and Beyond

Published By: Forced Migration Review | Published Date: May, 01 , 2014

Afghanistan is the largest refugee repatriation operation in the world. More than 5.7 million people have returned in the last ten years, representing nearly a quarter of the current population of 28 million and posing considerable challenges to the country’s absorption capacity. As long as development conditions are not in place to absorb the return of refugees sustainably, this shifting population is inevitably added to the humanitarian caseload. Approximately 124,350 Afghans are estimated to have been displaced from their homes in 2013, as a direct result of conflict.1 Overall, the total number of recorded conflict IDPs is 631,000,2 with approximately 40% of IDPs moving to urban areas where they join the growing numbers of urban poor. While their immediate needs are humanitarian, protracted displacement in urban areas also requires the government to respond to longerterm development needs. Importantly, the primary reasons for displacement include armed conflict, general deterioration of security, and intimidation and harassment by anti-government elements. And the majority of people seek safety in the same or nearby districts, and overwhelmingly in the district or provincial centre.

Author(s): Aidan O'Leary | Posted on: Feb 14, 2016 | Views()

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